(Canis lupus lycaon) WOLF
How large is Jasper Alberta's Wolf?
- Mass: 70 kg
Length: to 6.5 ft. (2 m)
- Wildlife living area: tundra, taiga, temperate forest & rainforest, temperate grassland, mountains
Range: Northern hemisphere except tropical forests and arid deserts. Once roamed most of the Northern hemisphere, now found only in Canada, northern US, Eastern Europe, and wilder areas of Western Europe and Asia.
Where do wolves live?
10 month old Wild Wolf Pup in Jasper
Wolf Pup in Feb. 2019
Wolf Habitats and FamilyWolves are territorial with packs occupying an area that they will defend. Wolf pack territories vary greatly, mostly dependent on the abundance of prey available.
Hunting in packs consists of complex patterns of social behaviour. Wolves are social animals, typically made up of a family male, female, and pups as the basic pack unit. Other adults or pups of previous years or even adults from other packs may also remain in this basic family unit.
Wolf pack bonds are strong during winter, when wolves travel and hunt together. In summer with young pups to feed, wolf adults seldom go very far, but some members of the pack may cover great distances.
10 Month Old Wolf Pup in Jasper, Alberta
Alpha Wolf in Jasper, Alberta (May 2008)
Details on the Jasper Wolf
The wolf is a carnivore, both predator and scavenger. Prey is located by chance or scent. Wolves primarily hunt in packs for large prey such as moose, elk, bison, musk oxen, caribou/reindeer and deer. Once these large ungulates are taken down, the wolves attack their rump, flank, and shoulder areas. Wolves control prey populations by hunting the weak, old, and immature. A wolf can consume up to 9 kg of meat at one meal. Wolves usually utilize the entire carcass, including some hair and bones. Smaller prey such as beavers, rabbits, and other small mammals are usually hunted by lone wolves, and they are a substantial part of their diet.
Wolf Pups and Social Behavior
This video shows a Wolf Pup in March observed on it's own, with food. Wolf pups howl and call out for the other pack members when left alone. Typically, it's only a few days at the most, with Wolf pack members taking turns to visit, play with and care for other members of the pack. Young Wolf Pups are often left in a rendezvous site while older Pups accompany the pack further afield to be introduced to trails, scents, potential pray and hunting strategies.
Wolf Pack Video in March 2018
Wolf tracks are robust in appearance with exagerated toe pads. They can be 5 - 6 in. (13 - 15 cm.) long and up to 5 in. (13 cm.) wide.