(Oreamnos americanus) MOUNTAIN GOAT
How large is Jasper's Mountain Goat?
- Mass: 46 - 136 kg
Length: to 6 ft. (1.8 m)
- Wildlife living area: mountains - Mountain goats prefer steep, rocky areas in alpine or sub-alpine regions. They migrate between lowland winter areas and high elevation summer ranges.
Status: no special status. - The mountain goat has only been slightly affected by humans due to its remote habitat. Recently, however, some populations have received more hunting pressure because of improved road access.
Where do Mountain Goats Live?
Rocky Mountain Goats descend with their Winter Coats
Mountain goats have distinctive beards and thick, long winter coats to protect them from cold temperatures and biting mountain winds as seen here. A sub-alpine to alpine species, Rocky Mountain Goats are very sure-footed climbers not even rivaled by Bighorns.
Baby Rocky Mountain Goat Appears
This is our First sighting of a Baby Mountain Goat this year. A Rocky mountain Goat Baby is called a "Kid". The Mother Mountain goat or "Nanny", gives birth usually between May 21 and June 7. Nannies give birth on isolated ledges, to a Baby weighing around 7 pounds (3.2 kg). Newborn Kids can run and leap within hours of their birth. The Mother mountain Goat will stay with her kid in isolation for three to five days before returning to the herd. A Nanny can be very aggressive when protecting her young, and is very capable of defending her newborn from predators if need be.
Rowdy Rocky Mountain Goats
When Rocky Mountain Goats herd in fairly large numbers, ranking challenges are almost constant. Compared to other ungulates, Rocky Mountain Goats have been observed as having the highest amount of aggressive interactions per hour, outside of their rutting season. Mountain Goats display their aggression by arching their back and showing their side profile to seem larger. They often rush suddenly at an opponent, or slowly push against them. You can also hear some of the vocalizations in the beginning of the video.
Rocky Mountain Goat Kids
Newborn Rocky Mountain Goat Kids enjoying the safety among the largest group of Mountain Goats we have seen here in Canada's Rockies.
This species is very sensitive to disturbance and slow to respond to management techniques. About 100,000 mountain goats are estimated to live in North America.
Range: Native range is from southeast Alaska to Washington, western Montana, and central Idaho. Introduced in sections of South Dakota, Colorado, and Washington.
Bear Tries His Luck with Mountain Goats
A Bear tries his luck in catching a Mountain Goat when they were down in altitude today. While the Bear almost cut one mountain goat off ascending back up, you can clearly see that even the incredible agility of the newborn Mountain Goats keep them out of most predator's reach.
Mountain Goats Being Aggressive
Canadian Rockies Mountain Goats, compared to other ungulates, are highly aggressive to one another. Female Mountain Goats are dominant, except during the rut in the fall when males compete with each other. Females, being the more aggressive of the two sexes, can have many aggressive interactions per hour.
In studied populations in Alberta, Canadian female mountain goats had an average of 3.4 aggressive interactions per hour when in a group, which is the highest amount for any wild female ungulate measured. Mountain Goats display their aggression by arching their back and showing their side profile to seem larger. They can often rush suddenly at an opponent, or slowly push against them while walking by. Mountain Goat Fights do not usually escalate to extreme levels.
While Bighorn Sheep possess the capability of plowing just about anything off of a Mountain Edge, when occupying the same area as Mountain Goats; Bighorn Sheep usually give way to the more aggressive Mountain Goat.
Mountain Goats in Canada's Rockies still Carrying their Amazing Winter Coats
Mountain Goat Climbing in the Rocky Mountains
Details on the Mountain Goat in JasperMountain goats are stout bodied with a thick coat made up of white hairs with some brown intermixed dorsally.
The pure black horns are around 200-300mm long, rather thin, and present on both sexes. Mountain goats have relatively large, oval hooves with an almost rubber-like sole that aids them in climbing steep rock.
They have black glands between their horns that are used to scent mark.
Mountain goat tracks are 2.5 - 3.5 in. (6 - 9 cm.) long and are splayed somewhat in front. This may give the appearance of a 'square' track.
Mountain Goat Tracks